Which Of The Following Is An Example Of Person-First Language Cognitive Dissonance and the Shroud of Turin

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Cognitive Dissonance and the Shroud of Turin

One of the many examples of bad behavior in Mistakes were made (but not by me): Why do we justify stupid beliefs, wrong decisions and harmful acts by Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson is the public supporter of Oprah Winfrey A million pieces by James Frey, which was a literary fraud. It was a mistake that any talk show host could make, but Oprah tried to justify her mistake on the Larry King show and made a number of irrational statements, such as “the truth is not important.” Tavris and Aronson say there is a “pyramid of choice” that King and Winfrey were at the top because they had similar moral values. After Winfrey made her mistake, however, she descended into a position of moral inferiority. His subsequent public apology drew a lot of praise because it is so unusual for people to admit they made a mistake.

The authors analyze this type of behavior with the theory of cognitive dissonance, which has “inspired more than 3,000 experiments that, taken together, have transformed psychologists’ understanding of how the human mind works” (loc. 226). The theory is that Oprah suffered mentally and emotionally because her idea that the book was good was inconsistent with reality, and she lessened her suffering (at first) by making self-justifying statements. The following quote from a famous psychoanalyst shows that anxiety or stress can prevent a person from thinking intelligently and rationally:

Consider, for example, a person who listens to a paper and has critical thoughts about it. A minor inhibition would consist of a shyness to express criticism; a strong inhibition prevented him from organizing his thoughts, with the result that they would come to him only after the discussion was over, or the next morning. But the inhibition can go so far as not to allow critical thoughts to come at all, and in this case, assuming that he really feels critical, he will be inclined to blindly accept what has been said or even to admire it; and will not be unconscious enough to have any inhibitions. In other words, if an inhibition goes so far as to control will or impulses it cannot be aware of its existence. (The Neurotic Personality of Our Time, Karen Horney, MD, New York: Norton, 1937, p. 55)

In religion, there are three fundamental truths that cause anxiety or cognitive dissonance: 1) The existence of God. 2) The Resurrection of Jesus. 3) The non-authenticity of the Shroud of Turin.

Existence of God

We know that God exists because of the arguments of Thomas Aquinas and Étienne Gilson: Finite beings (humans) exist. Finite beings need a cause. Ergo, an infinite being (God) exists. You can see that this argument is really a test by considering the question of whether or not humans have free will.

The evidence for free will is that slavery is illegal, but it is not illegal to own animals and raise them for food. This could suggest that people who think that humans do not have the freedom of bad judgment. However, there is no need to make a decision on this question. No one argues that slavery should be legalized because humans are no better than animals. It shows no little judgment to speculate on whether or not humans have free will and to play devil’s advocate promoting the so-called philosophy positivism. However, regarding the question of the existence of God, there is a decision that must be made: Is there life after death? Will we pay for our sins after death? It is because of the need to make this decision that his statements and thoughts about the existence of God can reflect little on his character.

The following four statements are wise, intelligent, rational and honest ways to justify the decision that life ends in the grave:

1) God did not give me the gift of faith. 2) The concept of God is contradictory. 3) If God cared about our well-being, he would not cause so much suffering. 4) The argument for the existence of God is not persuasive.

It is irrational to say: “I do not believe in life after death, because God does not exist.” When a person says this, they go down the “pyramid of choice” for self-justification. The statement is absurd because it does not make sense to consider whether there is life after death if God does not exist, and to consider whether or not God exists if he is not trying to decide if there is life after death.

Resurrection of Jesus

The Resurrection of Jesus is a historical event. The followers of Jesus dispersed in fear and disappointment after the crucifixion, but renewed their fraternity in a few years and swore up and down that Jesus appeared to them after death.

The faith of Christians is that Jesus is alive in a new life with God and if you follow Jesus, the same good thing can happen to you. There is a gap between this belief and the historical event. This gap is widened because there are many supposedly wise, intelligent, rational and honest people who do not believe in life after death.

This does not cause me stress because I understand that most non-believers are ignorant because they do not know the argument for the existence of God. They are not intelligent because they do not understand why humans are embodied spirits. With the exception of Jean-Paul Sartre, who said “man is a useless passion”, they are not rational about the meaning of life. They are not honest because they use the spurious rebuttal: “Who made God?”

Many Christians relieve stress by asking what caused the Resurrection of Jesus. This question cannot be answered because the Gospels were written many years after the Resurrection. But if you think the question is good, justify the invention of hypotheses to answer the question. The two most common hypotheses are: 1) Jesus’ followers were hallucinating. 2) Something happened to the life of Jesus, that is, a video camera could have recorded the event. The next step is to assume a high probability for the resurrection theory and a low probability for the hallucination theory. These probabilistic assumptions are accompanied by the explanation that those who disagree are materialists, agnostics or atheists. This reasoning turns faith in Jesus into a historical event, even if it is only a probable event. The gap between this very likely event and faith is closed with the idea of ​​a “leap of faith”. The net result, however, is self-justification and puts non-believers on a low level of the “pyramid of choice.”

The Shroud of Turin

The South of Turin contains a blood-stained image of the front of Jesus and the back of Jesus. It is clearly the work of craftsmen or artists who used a crucified victim or a volunteer and methods that have been lost to history to tell the gospel stories of the crucifixion of Jesus. The evidence that the Holy South never touched Jesus is the unusual size of the linen cloth, the blood stains without a spear, and the existence of a detailed image. The Holy South is a sign or reason to believe in Jesus, but many Christians prefer to think that it is evidence that supports the theory of the Resurrection of the body of Jesus.

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