The Consonant Phonemes In The American-English Language Are Represented By American English: The Different Sounds of the Letter "s" at the End of a Word

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American English: The Different Sounds of the Letter "s" at the End of a Word

Sound and sound of “s” at the end of a word.

We will see two special cases where the letter “s” appears at the end of a word:

1. at the end of the verb,

2. at the end of the name.

In both cases the pronunciation of the “s”, whether pronounced or unpronounced, depends on the surrounding consonants.

Let’s see…

1. The letter “s” at the end of the verb:

There is always an “s” at the end of the verb in the third person singular of the present tense of the English verb.

Wait a minute! Don’t throw the book out the window!

We will explain the grammar in a “user-friendly” way…

You know that the present tense of the verb describes what is happening now. I eat; He walks and so on. This look communicates something very different from the look it says I ate or He walked.

A verb also tells us something about the people involved in the sentence. The following table shows the people of the verb.

People of the Verb

First Person Only

I eat fish.

Second Person

You (one person) eat fish.

Third Person

They eat fish.

They eat fish.

The cat eats fish.

Most First Person

We eat fish.

Second Person

You (several people) eat fish.

Third Person

They eat fish.

The person speaking is in the first person (I do that.). The person being spoken to is the second person (You are doing it.).

And what pleases us is the third person being one, the person the sentence is giving information to. In other words, the third person is the person we are talking about. For example, John is writing a book. We are talking about John. The verb has the third person form.

That’s it! No more grammar!

We also looked at the grammar of the verb person to come to the point where we can say that in English, there is always an “s” at the end of the third person in one of the present tenses of the English verb.

Many people from other countries learn English from their neighbors who say “My son do it” or “My father say”. Unfortunately, not all English speakers are fluent. The correct form of these sentences requires the letter “s” at the end of the verb. My son does. and My Father says so. The third person singular present tense of English verbs always ends with the letter “s”.

But this is grammar. What we want to focus on is pronunciation. Remember this! Sometimes the letter “s” in one word has a different sound than the letter “s” in another word. Sometimes there is a sound and sometimes there is no sound. The influence on the pronunciation of “s” is that of round consonants.

First let’s look at examples and then see if there is a “rule” you can learn to pronounce “s” in these cases.

In our book you can listen to the recording so that you can appreciate that the third person singular of the present tense of the English verb always ends in some kind of sibilant or buzzing sound.

You should notice how there are different words with “s” endings in verbs they say, they walk, they do, they talk. It can be named in two ways. Should you feel the difference?

In the plural of the verb, there is no ending. The same verb tense is used for all people. We are walking, they are walking; we find, they find, etc., p.

The difference between the endings of the verb in the third person singular is that the final sound ofhe is walking and they want is voiceless or silent and the final sound of uses, teaches, practices, acquires, and he says it is said.

Practice hearing and making consonant sounds with words he does, he says, he goes, he folds, he loses. Also listen to the sssssssssssssssss of the voiceless sound (like the air coming out of a flat tire) and the zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz (the sound of an angry bumblebee) of the voiced sound.

The letter “s” in the word he does and in words he says it is pronounced like the letter “z” of the English alphabet. It is a sound word.

Think about the animal we see in the zoo that looks like a horse in its pajamas. A similar striped animal is called mbzi in Chiwewa (with the letter “z”) and is called cebra in other languages ​​(without the letter “c”). This example will help you realize that you should focus on pronunciation without relying on spelling. The two letters “z” and “c” in the above sentences are made on the same side of the mouth. As they sound, they are different because one has sound and the other has no sound. As a style, they differ for many historical reasons.

Another example is words zoo . Match these words with the name of a woman, Sue. The “z” is pronounced and the “s” is silent. Again, the style is a completely different matter. We are concerned with pronunciation here.

2. The “s” at the end of a noun:

We just saw how the “s” changes at the end of the verb. The same thing happens when the “s” word forms plural nouns (names of people, places, and things).

There is a different word for “s” in the following plurals: cats, top, locks and the words: does, boys, cars, bells, etc.

Well, we just looked at two situations where the letter “s” appears at the end of a word: at the end of a verb, and at the end of a noun. We are now learning more about the pronunciation of the letter “s” in these two cases.

The “law” of three parts:

You may be asking, “How do I know when to pronounce the letter “s” differently?

You are lucky! Only nature helps you. The difference in the word is not due to the will of another English parent; it is a result of how the human mouth works. There are “rules” that describe the relationship between voiced and unvoiced consonants in most cases.

The combination of consonant sounds requires the “s” sound to be pronounced databaseand words without words bats.

Algo parecido sucede en otros idiomas aunque con diferentes consonantes. El Castellano requires that the sound represented by the “v” of invite is different from the “v” of ave. What can you do to be different?

If you still don’t understand the difference between spoken “ma” and unvoiced “ma”, maybe this “rule” will help you. But you should still listen to native English as much as possible. You should repeat what you have heard and you should exaggerate the difference between the two words until it becomes easy for you to recognize the difference and imitate it.

As you can see, we always use the word “law” in the text because it is not written in stone. However, it has great benefits. It helps you 9 times out of 10 to learn some English concepts, you won’t regret the times it fails!

Here is a simple “rule” that defines the pronunciation of “s”. It tells us why the “s” word has no sound in the word pieces and that is why it is said in words database. Usually the “s” of plural nouns is voiceless when the singular noun ends in one of the voiceless consonants and the final “s” is pronounced when it follows a voiced consonant. It is the same for the third person singular of the verb.

The word “s” is usually not pronounced when the verb form of the verb ends in an unpronounced consonant and is pronounced when it follows an unpronounced consonant. Let’s look at what we just said in detail. A “law” has three parts: 1. “s” without a sound, 2. “s”, and 3. an additional syllable.

1. “Ma” without words:

For example, the letter “s” for the plural of a noun and the third person in one of the verbs is pronounced as a voiceless “s” in Sam, sandwich, junk, soup, talk, hit etc. when a noun or verb ends in a voiceless word.

The following silent sounds are represented by the letters: p as in words abovet as in words everythingk as in words socksf as in words cuffsas in words length and bathrooms (la “zeta castellana” – como en la palabra taza y caza). The silent sound of the letter “th” has an IPA symbol (.

Listen to some words without the S word

This “rule” is not difficult. We write here so that you can understand the language better. When you speak, you must follow the “law”. Your mouth doesn’t allow you to put consonants after consonants. …

2. The “s” word:

The letter “s” of the plural of the noun and the third person in one of the verbs is pronounced (sounds like “z” of zoo) when the noun ends with one consonant word which is usually represented by letters: b. as in clothes, d as in beds, g as in wood, l as in walls, n as in pans, (as in rings, as in cars, v as in the word stoves, m in the word farms, th as in the word lathes. The sound of the letter “th” has the IPA symbol ð ). (algo como la d castellana de “helado”)

“s” is also pronounced when it follows a vowel as in the following cases: mamas, bays, teas, logos, boos.

Also, “unusual” English vowels followed by “s” are spoken as words: furs, papers, paws.

And the number of nouns that end in diphthong words (a sound made of two vowels) also end in the word “s”, for example in the words: plow, days, boys.

Like the “rule” of the “s” without the word, this one is also not difficult. When you speak, your mouth does not allow you to make silent sounds after consonants or vowels.

We are talking about the consonants and vowels heard in these “rules”, not the letters that sometimes represent them. This is because English pronunciation does not always help us with pronunciation.

What helps is an IPA. This is the time when we are starting to provide IPA symbols, the International Phonetic Alphabet. We have started with the symbols (, (, and ð.) It will help you to have a clear idea of ​​the pronunciation of the word you look up in a good dictionary that uses these symbols.

Why do we say this style is ineffective? The two words think and both start with the letter “th”. But the initial words are different in the two words. If we use IPA symbols there is no problem. The word starts with the consonant symbol ð. And the word think begins with a word without a word.

Of course, it’s always good to listen to the speaker, but sometimes you don’t. For example, when you look up a word in a dictionary you will know its pronunciation if the dictionary has IPA symbols.

3. Added syllable:

When the word, be it a noun or a verb, ends with an “s” sound, or any “sibilant” or “buzzing” sound, an extra syllable (the letter “es”) is added to the verb. The extra syllable has the “short i” sound you saw above in the vowel section. This is the pronunciation of the words bit, fix, his, Abiti etc.

For example, singular nouns: face, kiss, ash, lunch, flower, judge, add “es” more and become like face, kiss, ash, lunch, flower, judge.

Be attentive to the radio, TV, and speakers of the country. Listen to all the words given above and other similar words until you can distinguish them and say them yourself.

See also “rule”

First part of “authority”: don’t say “s”

The second part of “authority”: the “s” word

The third part of the “law”: an additional syllable

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