Brain-Based Aspects Of Cognitive Learning Approaches In Second Language Learning Children’s Health – How to Treat Autism in a Conventional Perspective

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Children’s Health – How to Treat Autism in a Conventional Perspective

I. Definition

Conventional medicine is also known as Western medicine. It is a system of medical approach in which the medical doctor and other health professionals such as nurses, medical technicians and specialists and therapists, etc. they use medication, radiation, medical equipment or surgery to treat symptoms of disease and illness.

II. How conventional medicine affects autism

A. Diagnosis

For the disease to be treated effectively, the conventional doctor must first diagnose what causes the symptoms of the disease or diseases. It is helped by blood tests, logic screen, psychological and physical examination, etc. The diagnosis of children with developmental disorders is always a stressful and time-consuming process for parents and children, because every doctor in conventional medicine specializes in one field and cannot make any suggestions outside of his professional judgment. You may be advised to see other specialists if one is found necessary. Since autism is a complex disease, it requires a team of doctors before it can be correctly diagnosed and many wrong diagnoses have been made, which leads to excessive pressure and loss of time to parents and their children. Fortunately, many cases of autism are correctly diagnosed and treated accordingly.

In order not to waste your time, here is the basic list of doctors and specialists that are required for all children with developmental disorders to be correctly diagnosed:

a. Pediatric development and behavior

b. Pediatric neurologist

c. The child psychiatrist

d. The child psychologist

e. Speech and language pathologist

f. Occupational therapist

g. Physiotherapist

h. Play therapist

i. Social worker

Some children may need more or less specialists than the list above in their way to find a cure, but we believe that the list is a basic team for a fast and correct diagnosis.

B. Types of conventional treatment

1. Animal therapy

The focus of animal therapy to improve the interaction between the child and the animal, thus increasing the child’s confidence in building relationships, as well as sensory and motor problems.

2. Auditory integration therapy

The program uses modified music and sound with the aim of correcting the child’s problems in processing and understanding speech and sound.

3. Augmentative communication

Augmentative communication helps support the child’s communication production by acting as a bridge until speech develops or providing an alternative if speech does not develop. Includes image exchange communication, print and symbol display, technological support for communication, sign language and body language.

4. Behavioral treatments

The goal of behavior treatment is to help autistic children overcome emotional, behavioral, and cognitive dysfunction through a systematic, goal-oriented procedure. This type of treatment is said to have proven to be successful in treating mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse and psychotic disorders to some degree.

5. Chelation

Since children with autism have a weakened secretion system, Chelation helps remove heavy metals accumulated in the brain through medication taken by IV or by mouth or rubbed on the skin. Although it is a new treatment, but in theory, it reduces physical and behavioral problems.

6. Diet

Daily diet is always important for autistic or non-autistic children. Since most autistic children have problems with a weakened immune system and problems with toxic elimination, taking foods that help strengthen immunity and improve the secretion of toxins will not cause harm while avoiding intake of foods that can raise allergic and gastrointestinal problems are still essential. Choosing fresh and organic foods carefully will always help reduce metabolic conditions for autistic children.

7. Discrete test formation

Discrete trial training is a program that helps improve basic skills for autistic children

a) Pre-learning skills such as sitting, attending, looking at your classmate and teacher, etc.

b) Safe skills such as knowing their name, address, relative phone number, etc

Before children can process more complex language, academic and social skills starting with a breakdown of skills in small parts and taught in repetitive exercises. The process of the children is recorded and rewarded if the answer is approved.

8. Facilitated communication

The program helps non-verbal students communicate with others while someone helps support their hands and arms.

9. Immunological treatments

The types of therapy help to change the deficit of the immune system for children with autism, including steroid, infusion and intravenous immunoglobulin, depending on the diagnosis of the child. These treatments may pose a long-term health risk. There are many herbs that can help such as ginko boliba if you want to use herbs or other alternative treatment for this type of disorder, consult with your doctor before asking.

10. Medication

The medicine used by conventional medicine to treat some symptoms of autism, such as hyperactivity, anxiety, mood, attachment, gastrointestinal disorder have been proven very effective, but with some side effects, therefore, it is for the child’s benefit to keep the dose as low as possible. : :

a) Tranquilizers

i) Effects

Tranquilizers include thioridazine (Mellaril), chlorpromazine (Thorazine), haloperidol (Haldol) and risperidol (Risperdal) which help treat the symptoms of behavioral problems by regulating the production of dopamine, thereby increasing attention and concentration in school and at home doing so. more able to learn.

ii) The side effect of tranquilizers includes

* Sedation or drowsiness.

** Less common side effects include changes in liver function, effects on blood cells, restlessness or agitation, skin sensitivity to sunlight, and true allergic reactions.

***Recurrence of symptoms if the medication is stopped

b) Specific serotonin reuptake inhibitor

i) Effects

It works well for children with depression and anxiety disorders, regulating the production of serotonin which is vital for being responsible and controlling the fundamental physiological aspects of the body.

ii) side effects

* Urinary retention

** Easily agitated or angry.

*** Dizziness and Fatigue

**** Changes in appetite and sleep and etc.

11. Music therapy

Music therapy focuses on using music through singing, movement and musical instruments to aid language learning, communication and social skills.

12. Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy is a type of program, which helps to compromise physically, intellectually or emotionally to integrate coping skills in his life to do the necessary tasks. but for children with autism, the main goal of occupational therapy is to integrate sensory perception through the recognition and interpretation of sensory stimuli based mainly on memory, therefore, it helps the child to achieve a quieter frame of mind and concentration in certain tasks.

13. Play therapy

Play therapy focuses on using games to improve language, speech, communication, emotional and social skills.

14. Physical therapy

Physiotherapy is also known as physical therapy. The main goal of this program is to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability for children with autism, such as walking, jumping, running, etc. so that children can increase their physical strength, balance and mobility. better sensory integration.

15. Rapid-prompting method

Soma Mukhopadhyay is the founder of the rapid method of promotion. The method involves constant, fast and combined questioning with the use of a low-tech alphabet board for spelling communication to keep the students’ attention and a quick response from the students.

16. Recreational therapy

Encourage the child to participate in certain types of sports, such as swimming, gymnastics, dancing, etc.

17. Relationship development intervention

The relationship development intervention believes that autistic children can adapt to authentic emotional relationships with others and different environments if they are given the opportunity to learn in a gradual and systematic way using games, highly structured exercises, focused communication back and forth, sharing experience and playing with others that help build the experience of interacting in social relationships.

18. Social skills group

Children play together under the supervision of parents and specialists such as psychologists, this helps to improve social interaction and social skills, thus increasing the child’s awareness of inappropriate behaviors and interest in playing with other children.

19. Social history

By telling a simple story with lots of pictures and sometimes words, the program improves autistic children’s support and social skills and prepares the child for a change in routine and in a new environment.

20. Child-laughter

Son-rise is one of the methods was taught to parents with autistic children in the 70s, unfortunately no independent study has been published that has tested the effectiveness of the program. The program believes that accepting autistic children as they are, without prejudice and interacting with them in a positive and enthusiastic way, and also encouraging children in a more meaningful communication that can help children overcome the verbal and social interactive deficit.

21. Speech and language therapy

It is a program designed to improve the ability of autistic children in speech production, vocal production, swallowing difficulties and language needs and language use. The program can be run in different contexts including schools, hospitals and private clinics or the therapist’s office.

22. Treatment and education of autism and communication-related disabilities

It is a classroom program with the aim of teaching autistic children independent work, life through communication and social skills by focusing on repetitive routines, picture schedules and structural settings.

23. Verbal conduct

It was first discovered by Skinner, a psychologist. It helps children with language and speech by breaking the sentence into small parts and systematically taught by assessing the minute details of early communication skills and progressing through gap filling. Parents are asked to respond and reward their child as well. As communication skills progress, children are taught to ask questions, ask questions and engage in more complex conversation. The program is only a theory with little experimental research until recently.

24. Vision therapy

Vision therapy may be necessary if the child is suspected of having a problem seeing or understanding and learning through what they see.

25. Vitamins and supplements

Since children with autism lack vitamin B6, vitamin E and other trace minerals, it is not bad if they are taken in small doses. If you want to use them or high doses, consult with your child’s doctor before applying.

In fact, there is no single type of treatment that can be effective for all children and all families. Instead, the intervention should be adapted to the individual needs and the value of the approach.

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